Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
Coronary artery bypass graft is carried out as open heart surgery by a cardiac surgeon under general anaesthesia. The narrowed segment of diseased coronary artery is bypassed with an arterial or venous graft taken from other part of the body, usually from the inner side of the left side of the chest wall and from legs. Depending on the extent of the coronary artery disease, the surgeon will attach one or more grafts, in most cases 2-4 grafts. Recovery following CABG depends on many factors including patient’s age, fitness, heart’s pumping function, associated diseases, extent of the operation and presence or absence of complications. Most patients leave hospital less than week after the surgery and after several weeks can resume their job and all normal activities.